By Gregg Henriques
Obstacle approximately psychology’s fragmentation isn't really new, yet there has for the previous decade been expanding demands psychologists to recognize to the prices linked to fragmentation and to go looking for tactics to unify the discipline.
A New Unified idea of Psychology introduces a brand new approach that addresses psychology’s present theoretical and philosophical problems. the recent concept involves 4 interlocking items that jointly provide—for the 1st time—a macro-level view that clarifies the character of psychology’s difficulties and gives a transparent technique to unify many of the parts of the sphere. The unified concept offers the sector of psychology with a well-defined material, permitting either educational psychologists can be capable of advance a shared language and conceptual foundation.
From the reviews:
"...the writer takes at the super formidable problem of defining psychology, articulating conceptually its kin with different sciences, determining its key theoretical ideas, and resolving its quite a few schisms (research/practice, neuroscience/social technological know-how, animal/human, bewildering array of doubtless nonoverlapping theories and therapies)...He has a great skill to explain, learn, and summarize in a number of pages enormous and intricate parts of study (attributions, cognitive dissonance, behavioral types of depression.......) with no getting slowed down in learn details...I particularly loved the extra own info and anecdotes the publication structure gave him the distance to incorporate -- e.g., improvement of the "Justification Hypothesis" because the "joint point" among brain and tradition takes to the air from his reflections on why he was once overdue getting domestic for dinner one evening in grad tuition. and a few of his reviews on psychotherapy integration take as element of departure particular research of what he saw as venture director for a scientific trial of cognitive remedy in prevention of recurrent suicide makes an attempt that by no means made the ultimate released document of the study...All informed, it's no longer gentle analyzing, but when you take pleasure in considering giant photo issues you'll find loads of foodstuff for concept here." (Dave Haaga, American collage, September 2011)
"Like sociology and anthropology, psychology is outlined through incompatible competing faculties of thought.and can't be thought of a mature technology, simply because there isn't any experience within which each one new release of researchers builds upon the middle analytical insights of prior generations of researchers… This ebook is written for medical and learn psychologists, and for this reason avoids one of these mathematical version construction and axiomatization that's attribute of mature sciences… Henriques notes that it's virtually most unlikely to outline modern psychology simply because many psychologists ponder psychology to be a conception of the workings of the brain, whereas others deny the idea of "mind" altogether, and restrict themselves to modeling saw habit. consequently, Henriques takes his first target to be that of "locating" the sector ontologically. He argues that there's a Tree of data with 4 segments. the 1st is "Matter," that is studied by way of physics, chemistry, geology, and astronomy. the second one is "Life," studied via biology. The 3rd is "Mind," that is the subject material of psychology, and the fourth, and optimum, is "Culture," studied via the social sciences. Henriques will pay exact consciousness to the 3 issues of junction among segments of the Tree of information. He says the Matter-Life junction is modeled through organic evolutionary concept, the Life-Mind junction is modeled by way of what he calls Behavioral funding idea, and the Mind-Culture junction is modeled by way of what he calls Justification thought. via Behavioral funding thought, Henriques skill basically the rational selection version of selection, organic and monetary idea, even though he provides a size of complexity to human habit via announcing that Justification concept calls for a "rational emotional actor" that's not safely modeled in usual rational selection idea (p., 46). i'd upload that Henriques additionally comprises video game idea as a part of Behavioral funding idea, just because decision-making while there are a number of brokers concerned calls for game-theoretic reasoning. This standpoint is simple to monetary concept. In biology, the extension of determination conception (e.g., foraging conception) to online game concept was once pioneered through John Maynard Smith, Evolution and the idea of video games (Cambridge collage Press, 1982), and now could be general in all of animal habit conception. In Henriques' leading edge terminology, social interactions are ruled by means of an "Influence Matrix," that's a part of the psychology of the person that regulates how the person pertains to others. Henriques stresses the emotional part of such interplay and avoids all online game theoretic reasoning in addition to any research of the function of incentives and payoffs within the selection of behaviors ruled by way of the impression Matrix… i feel Henriques' espousal of Behavioral funding concept is crucial integrating proposal during this ebook. If this precept by myself have been included uniformly all through examine psychology, it's going to supply a lot of the sought-for analytical core…A New Unified concept of Psychology is terrifically demanding, to the purpose of possibly being a brand new starting for psychology as a study discipline.” (Herb Gintis, Santa Fe Institute and relevant eu college, September 2011)
“Offers a suite of nested frameworks that places diversified components of mental study and perform right into a coherent courting with one another. … it's also worthy that the ebook has first-class transitions, with summaries usually reminding the readers the place they've been and watching for the place they're going. … If i'll educate a graduate-level advent to Psychology, this could be the e-book. If i'll suggest one booklet to colleagues distraught on the fragmented nature of the sphere, this is able to be the book.” (Eric P. Charles, PsycCRITIQUES, Vol. fifty seven (26), July, 2012)
From the again Cover
Following the loss of life of the so-called grand theories provided via luminaries like Sigmund Freud, B. F. Skinner, and Carl Rogers, the sector of psychology principally gave up its early aspirations to color a huge photo of the human , and now the self-discipline focuses totally on empirical difficulties that experience a comparatively slender scope. The outcome has been a proliferation of attention-grabbing findings with out genuine potential to reply to huge questions or to generate a shared common figuring out of the human . This ebook seeks to alter the established order and gives up a brand new unified concept of psychology that redefines the technology and the career and paints a brand new photograph of human nature within the approach.
A New Unified thought of Psychology
“The box of psychology is understood for its paradoxical blend of sweeping scope and bold micro-theories, at the one hand, and fragmentation and internecine squabbling, at the different. To this scenario, any severe attempt to supply integration and cohesion inside mental wisdom and knowing is heartily welcomed. And Henriques' attempt during this regard isn't just critical, yet essentially the most cogent, scholarly, subtle, fantastically reasoned, essentially articulated, and accessibly written shows of a unified conception in psychology that i've got obvious in my 50 years within the discipline.”
Daniel B. Fishman, writer of The Case for Pragmatic Psychology,
Professor, Rutgers University
“As the sphere of psychology has grown, so have the demanding situations of fragmentation and of misunderstandings. This courageous e-book represents a noble quest to supply a large, values-based, and medical framework which holds the facility to arrange our paintings and circulation us ahead in robust, new ways.”
Lawrence G. Calhoun, writer of Facilitating Post-Traumatic Growth,
Professor, collage of North Carolina-Charlotte
“In this very bold e-book, Henriques makes a powerful case for why daring efforts are wanted within the fragmented realm of mental learn and conception. even supposing assorted readers will most probably make varied judgments approximately how good Henriques has succeeded in his goals, it however is an act of highbrow bold that could maybe motivate psychologists to seem outdoors the slender confines of a unmarried laboratory paradigm and open their considering to the best way to handle the total variety of human habit and experience.”
Paul L. Wachtel, writer of healing Communication,
Distinguished Professor, CUNY
“Concise, erudite, and functional, this ebook is a manifesto that demanding situations psychology to maneuver previous fragmented domain names of information to a consilient framework, with the intention to permit multi-disciplinary discourse and clinical advances. I recommend all scientists, psychotherapists, and students spend it slow familiarizing themselves with the thoughts and recommendations provided during this seminal quantity through a number one scholar.”
Jeffrey Magnavita, writer of character Guided Relational Psychotherapy,
Read or Download A New Unified Theory of Psychology PDF
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Additional resources for A New Unified Theory of Psychology
P. 83) Psychologists currently run the gamut from strongly defending psychology as an objective natural science that is no different in kind from biology or physics to postmodernists who view psychological knowledge as almost entirely socially constructed rather than discovered, with a group Held (2007) called “middle ground theorists” who occupy an in-between position.
This is due in no small part to the fact that philosophers themselves have not resolved the foundational issues upon which the effective conception of a science of psychology rests. Consider that the well-known philosopher John Searle (2004) argued all of the major perspectives in philosophy of mind (including dualism, behaviorism, functionalism, materialism, cognitivism) are wrong. The first chapter in Searle’s book, A Dozen Problems in the Philosophy of Mind, includes sections on the mind– body problem, the question of animal minds, the problem of free will, the problem of the self/personal identity, and the problem of the unconscious.
Everything is not just energy and matter, and biology, psychology, and the social sciences cannot be reduced to physics because there are fundamentally different dimensions of complexity. The separate dimensions of complexity in the ToK diagram are intimately connected to two of the three other pieces that make up the unified theory: Behavioral Investment Theory and the Justification Hypothesis. These ideas are what are known as joint points in the ToK System. Joint points are the links between the dimensions of complexity.