By Kenneth E. Wilkening
Acid Rain technology and Politics in Japan is a pioneering paintings in environmental and Asian historical past in addition to an in-depth research of the impact of technological know-how on family and overseas environmental politics. Kenneth Wilkening's examine additionally illuminates the worldwide fight to create sustainable societies.The Meiji recovery of 1868 ended Japan's period of isolation- created self-sufficiency and sustainability. the hole of the rustic to Western rules and know-how not just introduced pollutants difficulties linked to industrialization (including acid rain) but in addition medical recommendations for realizing and fighting them. Wilkening identifies 3 pollution-related "sustainability crises" in sleek jap historical past: copper mining within the overdue 19th and early 20th centuries, which spurred Japan's first acid rain study and coverage tasks; horrendous post-World battle II family business pollutants, which led to a "hidden" acid rain challenge; and the present-day worldwide challenge of transboundary pollutants, in which Japan is a sufferer of imported acid rain. He strains the country's clinical and coverage responses to those crises via six distinctive classes relating to acid rain difficulties and argues that Japan's management function in East Asian acid rain technological know-how and coverage this day should be defined largely by means of the "historical clinical momentum" generated by way of efforts to confront the difficulty on account that 1868, strengthened through Japan's cultural affinity with rain (its "culture of rain"). Wilkening offers an summary of nature, tradition, and the acid rain challenge in Japan to supplement the final set of techniques he develops to investigate the interface of technological know-how and politics in environmental policymaking. He concludes with a dialogue of classes from Japan's event that may be utilized to the construction of sustainable societies around the world.
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Additional info for Acid Rain Science and Politics in Japan: A History of Knowledge and Action toward Sustainability (Politics, Science, and the Environment)
4 Application of expert methodologies yields a more or less organized pool of knowledge that is the core of a problem-framework. The knowledge base is made up of observational data, uncontested cause-and-effect statements, well-documented theories, and, conjectural arguments, emerging hypotheses, unresolved problems, conﬂicting data sets, etc. While at once a coordinated and structured “objective whole” built of standardized elements, it also has attached to it a collection of Sustainable Science, Politics, and Environment 17 uncertainties, gaps in analysis, disputed areas, and so forth.
Cultural factors linked with bridging objects may inﬂuence policy. We will keep tabs on elements of Japanese culture, and the broader political context in Japan, within which bridging objects are situated in order to gauge their power to inﬂuence. To understand the inﬂuence of science on the political process, ultimately we need to know what scientiﬁc knowledge various political actors use and how they interpret and deploy it. The concepts of bridging object, classes of bridging objects, and bridging object context give us tools with which to penetrate this veil.
It is part of a long island arc situated at the eastern edge of the giant Eurasian Plate (which forms the Eurasian landmass) and the western edge of the equally giant Paciﬁc Plate (which occupies most of the bed of the Paciﬁc Ocean and which is moving westward at a speed of several centimeters per year). The Paciﬁc Plate subducts the Eurasian Plate where Japan sits, and it is crustal movements and volcanic activity along this subduction zone that are primarily responsible for not only creating, but also continually reshaping, the islands of present-day Japan.