Solid State Physics

Download Applied Superconductivity: Handbook on Devices and by Paul Seidel PDF

By Paul Seidel

This wide-ranging presentation of utilized superconductivity, from basics and fabrics correct as much as the main points of many functions, is a vital reference for physicists and engineers in educational study in addition to in undefined.

Readers trying to find a finished evaluation on simple results relating to superconductivity and superconducting fabrics will extend their wisdom and realizing of either high and low Tc superconductors with recognize to their software. expertise, guidance and characterization are coated for bulk, unmarried crystals, thins fi lms in addition to digital units, wires and tapes.

The major advantage of this paintings lies in its wide insurance of vital purposes in magnets, energy engineering, electronics, sensors and quantum metrology. The reader will locate info on superconducting magnets for various purposes like particle physics, fusion examine, drugs, and biomagnetism in addition to fabrics processing. SQUIDs and their utilization in medication or geophysics are
thoroughly lined, as are superconducting radiation and particle detectors, elements on superconductor electronic electronics, best readers to quantum computing and new devices.

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2 Evolution of the superconducting transition temperature since the discovery of superconductivity. (From [2], after Ref. ) For MgB2 , surprisingly, superconductivity with a transition temperature of 39 K was detected only in 2000, even though this material has been commercially available for a long time [11]. Also, this discovery had a great impact in physics, and many essential properties of this material have been clarified in the subsequent years. It turned out that MgB2 behaves similarly as the “classical” metallic superconductors, however with two energy gaps.

From [1], after Ref. ) Today we know that superconductivity represents a widespread phenomenon. In the periodic system of the elements superconductivity occurs in many elements. Here, at atmospheric pressure, niobium is the element with the highest “transition temperature” or “critical temperature” T c of about 9 K. Eventually, thousands of superconducting compounds have been found, and this development is by no means closed. The vanishing of the DC electric resistance below T c is not the only unusual property of superconductors.

The question remains if the decorated locations at the surface indeed correspond to the ends of the flux lines carrying only a single flux quantum. In order to answer this question, we just have to count the number of flux lines and also have to determine the total flux, say, by means of an induction experiment. Then we find the value of the magnetic flux of a flux line by dividing the total flux Φtot through the sample by the number of flux lines. 07⋅10−15 T m2 . Today, apart from neutron diffraction and decoration, there are a number of different methods for imaging magnetic flux lines.

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