Environmental Science

Download Asbestos and Fire: Technological Tradeoffs and the Body at by Rachel Maines PDF

By Rachel Maines

For far of the economic period, asbestos was once a greatly acclaimed benchmark fabric. in the course of its heyday, it used to be synthetic into approximately 3 thousand diversified items, so much of which secure existence and estate from warmth, flame, acids, and electrical energy. It was once utilized in nearly each from resort protecting to army expertise to chemical production, and was once critical to construction building from shacks to skyscrapers in each neighborhood around the usa. starting within the mid-1960s, even if, this as soon as renowned mineral started a quick fall from grace as starting to be awareness to the intense future health dangers linked to it all started to overshadow the protections and advantages it supplied.

In this thought-provoking and debatable e-book, Rachel Maines demanding situations the hot vilification of asbestos by means of offering a ancient point of view on americans’ altering perceptions approximately probability. She means that the very good fortune of asbestos and different fire-prevention applied sciences in containing lethal blazes has ended in a kind of ancient amnesia concerning the very dangers they have been alleged to lessen.

Asbestos and hearth is not just the main completely researched and balanced examine the background of asbestos, it's also an immense contribution to a bigger debate that considers how the dangers of technological suggestions can be evaluated. As expertise bargains us ever-increasing possibilities to guard and stop, Maines urges that studying to simply accept and successfully handle the unintentional effects of technological techniques is a starting to be a part of our collective accountability.

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Extra resources for Asbestos and Fire: Technological Tradeoffs and the Body at Risk

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Castleman and Grace E. ” Limitations of the instruments available for testing also impeded the progress of knowledge of industrial hygiene.  Similarly primitive instrumentation prevailed in other areas of environmental testing. Dust hazards such as asbestos could only be identified if the dust were actually visible by existing means, and air content could not be readily analyzed until electron microscopes became commercially available in .  The principal difficulty with Ozonoff’s hypothesis is that it is ahistorical in the contexts of both regulatory history and the history of science and medicine.

All of these types, as I have indicated, are characteristic of how science explores a new problem space. There is, of course, considerable overlap among them; for instance, some of the definite warnings include red herrings. What follows are examples from this literature rather than an exhaustive survey.  In July , W. E. Cooke published a very brief research note in the British Medical Journal about a woman who had died after working in one of the dustiest area of an asbestos textile mill, the card room, for thirteen years.

W. Keith C. Morgan and J. Bernard L. Gee assert that the number of casualties caused by burns in the Royal Navy warships during the Falklands War, and on the USS Stark when the latter was hit by an Exocet missile in the Persian Gulf, was appreciably greater than expected because of the exclusion of asbestos insulation from these ships. One third of all Royal Navy casualties in the Falklands War had burns, and in the overall campaign, burns accounted for % of all injuries. %. Thus, burn casualties were almost  times as common in the recent conflict in which relatively inflammable materials, such as aluminum, were used in the construction of the ships, and in which asbestos had not been used for fire control.

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