Download Atheism: What Everyone Needs To Know by Michael Ruse PDF

By Michael Ruse

Over the past decade, "New Atheists" equivalent to Sam Harris, Richard Dawkins, and Christopher Hitchens have driven the problem of atheism to the leading edge of public dialogue. but only a few of the resultant debates and discussions have controlled to supply a whole and goal therapy of the subject.

Atheism: What every body must be aware of offers a balanced examine the subject, contemplating atheism traditionally, philosophically, theologically, sociologically and psychologically. Written in an simply obtainable sort, the ebook makes use of a query and resolution layout to envision the historical past of atheism, arguments for and opposed to atheism, the connection among faith and technology, and the problem of the that means of life-and even if you may be a contented and chuffed atheist. specifically, the writer stresses that the atheism controversy is not only an issue of the evidence, yet a question of burning ethical predicament, either in regards to the stand one should still tackle the problems and the results of one's dedication.

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Lord Herbert of Cherbury (1583–1648) is often known as the father of English deism. As you might expect, the articulation and growth of deism was not necessarily a simple and smooth phenomenon. Lord Herbert actually believed that God would send signs and intervene after prayer! Isaac Newton, for all that he privately denied the divinity of Christ—which in itself takes out a lot of miracles—nevertheless thought that God had to intervene to keep the solar system functioning efficiently. So this one can say: For the deists, the thought that they were simply on the way to atheism would have been totally shocking.

In England, the key figure was Charles Bradlaugh (1833–1891). Helped on his way by Holyoake, Bradlaugh got himself in hot water for publishing in England From the Enlightenment to the Present 37 the American pamphlet The Fruits of Philosophy, or the Private Companion of Young Married People. Philosophy, Socrates would have told us, has many fruits, but one doubts that even he thought they extended to birth control, the subject of the pamphlet. It is interesting although expectable that the very respectable Charles Darwin, who was now openly admitting to being an agnostic, refused to testify on behalf of such a scandalous cause.

Did the Scientific Revolution Spell the Death of God? Most assuredly, it did not. Copernicus was a cleric. (He was not ordained but technically was a kind of clerk working for the Catholic hierarchy. ) Subsequent major figures in the revolution were all committed to Christianity in one way or another. Descartes upset many authorities with his philosophizing—he was quickly put on the Index—but he died as he lived, a sincere Christian. In the Discourse on Method, he wrote that we should think of our body “as a machine created by the hand of God, and in consequence incomparably better designed and with more admirable movements than any machine that can be invented by man” (Descartes 1964, 41).

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