By Thomas E. Griess
International struggle I marked the top of the previous army order and the start of the period of mechanized war. this can be a thorough exam of the campaigns of the “war to finish all wars.” It analyzes the advance of army concept and perform from the prewar interval of Bismark’s Prussia to the construction of the League of countries.
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Extra info for Atlas for the Great War (West Point Military History Series)
After Prudentius’s death in 861, Archbishop Hincmar of Reims took over the writing of the Annals of St-Bertin, until his own death in 882. Like the Royal Frankish Annals and the Annals of Fulda, the Annals of St-Bertin contain considerable information about Viking attacks on Frankish territory in the ninth century, about diplomatic dealings with the kings, princes, and leaders of the “Northmen” and “Danes,” and they also provide a glimpse of the turbulent political conditions inside Denmark during this period.
More important, however, is the fact that although Scandinavia still of course lay on the northern periphery of Europe, it was considered to be part of Europe culturally following its conversion to Christianity. The Danes and the Swedes undertook a series of crusades against their pagan neighbors who lived on the southern shores of the Baltic and in Finland, but this kind of activity was not considered to be “Viking” by contemporaries as it fitted into accepted European models of warfare. Through the Church, Scandinavians were influenced by European models of kingship, law, social organization, and literature.
Details of Alfred’s life and campaigns are primarily preserved in the AngloSaxon Chronicle, and in his Life, written by the Welsh monk, Asser. Alfred was the son of Æthelwulf of Wessex and succeeded his brother Æthelred at a time when England was under severe pressure from the attacks of the Great Army that had arrived in the country in 865. Alfred had married Eahlswith (d. 902), the daughter of a Mercian ealdorman, in 868, probably as part of a West-Saxon-Mercian alliance made in that year after the Danish occupation of Nottingham.