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Download Aviation Fuels Technology by Eric Goodger, Ray Vere PDF

By Eric Goodger, Ray Vere

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Most commercial units react isobutane with olefins using sulphuric acid or hydrogen fluoride as catalyst. K. This became a major production process for high octane isoparaffins. The alkylation reaction is complex, producing a series of side reactions, but the main products are isomeric paraffins containing the sum of the carbons in the isobutane and the olefin . The primary reaction will be. Isobutane + isobutylene isooctane + (2,2 ,4 ·trimethylpentane) Initially, these alkylation units were used almost exclusively for aviation gasoline manufacture .

It is a net user of hydrogen and so is normally found in a refinery complex that includes some form of gasoline reforming process that is a net producer of hydrogen . To produce hydrogen, by steam reforming for example, is an expensive process and, although hydrotreating is a very satisfactory way to produce middle distillate products, it is not economic to use this method for aviation turbine fuel production if plentiful supplies of good-quality hydrogen are not available. The basis of the process is that the raw feed is mixed with hydrogen, preheated in a heat exchanger with reactor products, and finally heated in a furnace to achieve reaction temperature.

It is a net user of hydrogen and so is normally found in a refinery complex that includes some form of gasoline reforming process that is a net producer of hydrogen . To produce hydrogen, by steam reforming for example, is an expensive process and, although hydrotreating is a very satisfactory way to produce middle distillate products, it is not economic to use this method for aviation turbine fuel production if plentiful supplies of good-quality hydrogen are not available. The basis of the process is that the raw feed is mixed with hydrogen, preheated in a heat exchanger with reactor products, and finally heated in a furnace to achieve reaction temperature.

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