Sociology

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By Joy Hendry

"The young children are greater than mere images. They let us know the truths approximately Japan." So wrote a customer to Japan on the flip of the century and this view underlies the name of this booklet. the 1st few years of a kid's lifestyles are vitally imporant for getting ready it to be a member of the society to which it belongs. jap tools of childcare are for that reason directed in the direction of making the most of the receptivity of the early years. also they are varied in lots of methods from Western tools and masses of the colourful element during this e-book may be of serious curiosity to moms everywhere--from kin beds and bathroom education to the frilly non secular ceremonies of youth. Joyn Hendry appears at customs and traditions, at rewards and punishments, and on the day by day lifetime of youngsters at domestic, in school, and within the wider world.

Joy Hendry's learn concerned operating with jap moms and different care takers, and with kindergartens and day nurseries. She has drawn at the paintings of sociologists, psychologists and educationalists in English and jap, however the theoretical framework for the learn is drawn from social anthropology.

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The news value accorded such an issue could be seen as another Page 31 indication of general public concern for children.  Employers are obliged by law to provide only six weeks' maternity leave before and after the birth, with thirty minutes off twice a day for feeding until the baby is one year old,53 but many companies now provide more time.  However, it is also said that many companies expect their Page 32 female employees to leave when they marry or have babies, 54 which reflects the general view that mothers should be at home when their children are small.

Dore 1971: 248­9. 64 See, for example, Turner 1969; the Association of Social Anthropologists' Monograph on socialisation has four papers on youth and adolescents and only three on child training (Mayer 1970). 65 Yanagida 1957: 260. 66 Inouye 1910: 300. 67 Michael Pye brought this game to my attention and I am indebted to him for the translation of the section of the accompanying notes quoted here.  See also Inoguchi 1962: 217.  The division of the second stage is based on collective ideas that a child of three begins to respond to reason and will therefore 'listen'to its caretakers, so that the approach to rearing may develop from the first 'creation' of the soul, implied in the saying 'the soul of the three­year­old lasts till 100'.

Clearly the Shinto religion sees itself as having a role to play in the upbringing of its young parishioners.  Their mothers considered that their children had been lucky to be at the appropriate age when the building was finished. 68 Notes 1 Kenkyusha's* New Japanese­English Dictionary 1954. 2 Hara & Wagatsuma 1974: 1. 3 Nibon Minzokugaku Jiten (Japan Folklore Dictionary) 1979. 4 Hara & Wagatsuma 1974: 2.  Benedict 1977: 180; Smith 1962: 194.  Official translation.  Kodama. 8 Deasey 1978: 37.

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