By Irving J. Dunn, Elmar Heinzle, Jiri E. Prenosil, John Ingham
This can be a monograph on organic response engineering, meant for these thinking about biotechnology, chemical undefined, and technical chemistry. It presents info had to learn the behavour of complicated reactors utilizing mathematical equations and a dynamic simulation computing device language. half 1 treats the basics of modelling (mass stability equations related to response kinetics and mass-transfer rates), making them conveniently comprehensible to these new within the box. half 2 supplies forty five instance difficulties, whole with versions and courses. The textbook additionally incorporates a diskette with a advertisement simulation language, which might be run on any DOS pc.
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Additional resources for Biological Reaction Engineering
Adapted from Barker, J. ) change in crystal anisotropy. This leads to microcrevice formation on every particle surface, leading to the formation of a rhombohedral phase and new hexagonal phases such as H2 and H3, with corresponding capacity fading. 5, Ni4+ ions can more easily be reduced in organic electrolytes such as propylene carbonate (PC) or ethylene carbonate (EC) than Co4+ ions. 2 V, gas evolution is observed. 8 V. 93 for the layered LiNiO2. The small amount of Ni in the Li layer markedly affects the electrochemical performance of LiNiO2.
5O2 with good structural stability will be formed. During the charge and discharge process, its structure is stable, and thermal stability is improved. 8 V, and its reversible capacity is about 120–140 mAh/g, smaller than that of LiNiO2. After doping with Fe3+, the potential for lithium deintercalation increases, resulting in more difficult oxidation of Ni3+. In addition, numerous Ni2+ or 45 LiNiO2-Based Positive Electrode Materials Fe3+ ions occupy lithium sites, and thus, electrochemical performance deteriorates.
2009. Rechargeable Ni-Li battery integrated aqueous/nonaqueous system. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131: 15098–15099. 5. , Shimonishi, Y. et al. 2010. A novel high energy density rechargeable lithium/air battery. Chem. Commun. 46: 1661–1663. 6. L. et al. 2012. A rechargeable lithium battery of high energy density. 2. 7. Q. et al. 2013. An aqueous rechargeable lithium battery of high energy density. 0. 8. T. F. 2009. A highly ordered nanostructured carbon– sulphur cathode for lithium–sulphur batteries. Nat.