By Malachi D. Crawford
Black Muslims and the legislation: Civil Liberties From Elijah Muhammad to Muhammad Ali examines the state of Islam’s quest for civil liberties as what may well arguably be referred to as the inaugural and primary sustained problem to the suppression of spiritual freedom in African American felony background. Borrowing insights from A. Leon Higgonbotham Jr.’s vintage works on American slavery jurisprudence, Black Muslims and the Law unearths the country of Islam’s strategic efforts to interact governmental officers from a place of energy, and indicates the federal government, congressmen, judges, attorneys, police officers, criminal directors, nation governments, and African American civic leaders held a typical realizing of what it intended to be and not to be African American and non secular within the interval among international battle II and the Vietnam conflict. The paintings increases uncomplicated questions on the rights of African descended humans to outline god, query white ethical authority, and critique the ethical legitimacy of yank warfare efforts in response to their very own ideals and standards.
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Extra resources for Black Muslims and the Law: Civil Liberties from Elijah Muhammad to Muhammad Ali
Fard claimed that slavery had altered the original dietary habits of African Americans. Observing the eating habits of his initial converts, he cautioned, “Now don’t eat this food. It is poison for you. ” 36 Consequently, he introduced new dietary proscriptions against eating foods like pork, catfish, rabbit, possum, squirrel, corn bread, and other foods associated with the diets of enslaved Africans in America. 37 Not only did he forbid the consumption of these foods, but he also admonished his followers from physically touching such items lest members become spiritually unclean—an ethic that would take on added significance among imprisoned NOI members in later years.
5; “Liberian Consul to Speak on ‘Progress Hour’ Sunday,” Cleveland Call and Post, February 09, 1939, p. 1, col. ; Smith, Emancipation, 385. 23. “Gets 5 Years For Refusing To Join Army,” Chicago Defender, May 16, 1942, p. 1, col. 4; “Cultists Held For Failure To Register,” Chicago Defender, July 18, 1942, p. 8, col. 4; “Pledge To ‘Islam,’” Chicago Defender, August 8, 1942. 24. “FBI Studies Cult Books,” Norfolk New Journal and Guide, October 17, 1942, p. 13, col. 7. 25. “FBI Announces Apprehension of Chicagoans,” Atlanta Daily World, September 22, 1942, p.
32. Marsh, From Black Muslims to Muslims, 45. 33. Elijah Muhammad, Message to the Blackman in America (Chicago, IL: Muhammad’s Temple No. 2, reprint; orig. pub, 1965), 31. 34. Ibid. 35. , 41–42. 36. Beynon, “The Voodoo Cult Among Negro Migrants in Detroit,” The American Journal of Sociology 43, no. 6 (May, 1938): 895. 37. Lincoln, Black Muslims, 76. 38. C. Eric Lincoln, The Black Muslims in America (Grand Rapids: Wm. B. , 1994), 14. 39. Beynon, “The Voodoo Cult,” 902. 16 Chapter 1 40. , 895; For further reading on the numerous reasons why African American Christians and others converted to the Nation of Islam, see Lincoln, The Black Muslims in America, 20–31; and, Edward E.