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Download Bleeding Borders: Race, Gender, and Violence in Pre-Civil by Kristen Tegtmeier Oertel PDF

By Kristen Tegtmeier Oertel

In Bleeding Borders, Kristen Tegtmeier Oertel bargains a clean, multifaceted interpretation of the integral sectional clash in pre-Civil conflict Kansas. rather than concentrating on the white, male politicians and settlers who vied for keep an eye on of the Kansas territorial legislature, Oertel explores the an important roles local american citizens, African american citizens, and white ladies performed within the literal and rhetorical conflict among proslavery and antislavery settlers within the area. She brings consciousness to the neighborhood debates and the varied peoples who participated in them in the course of that contentious interval.

Oertel starts by means of detailing the cost of jap Kansas via emigrant Indian tribes and explores their interplay with the growing to be variety of white settlers within the area. She analyzes the makes an attempt through southerners to plant slavery in Kansas and the eventually profitable resistance of slaves and abolitionists. Oertel then considers how crude frontier dwelling stipulations, Indian clash, political upheaval, and sectional violence reshaped conventional Victorian gender roles in Kansas and explores women's participation within the political and actual conflicts among proslavery and antislavery settlers.

Oertel is going directly to study northern and southern definitions of "true manhood" and the way competing principles of masculinity infused political and sectional tensions. She concludes with an research of miscegenation--not in basic terms how racial blending among Indians, slaves, and whites inspired occasions in territorial Kansas, yet extra importantly, how the phobia of miscegenation fueled either proslavery and antislavery arguments concerning the want for civil warfare.

As Oertel demonstrates, the gamers in Bleeding Kansas used guns except their Sharpes rifles and Bowie knives to salary warfare over the extension of slavery: they attacked each one other's cultural values and struggled to claim their very own political wills. They jealously guarded beliefs of manhood, womanhood, and whiteness while the presence of Indians and blacks and the controversy over slavery raised critical questions on the efficacy of those ideas. Oertel argues that, finally, many local american citizens, blacks, and girls formed the political and cultural terrain in ways in which ensured the destruction of slavery, yet they, besides their white male opposite numbers, did not defeat the resilient strength of white supremacy.

Moving past a standard political background of Bleeding Kansas, Bleeding Borders breaks new flooring by means of revealing how the struggles of this hugely assorted sector contributed to the nationwide circulation towards disunion and the way the ideologies that ruled race and gender family have been challenged as North, South, and West converged at the border among slavery and freedom.

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Extra info for Bleeding Borders: Race, Gender, and Violence in Pre-Civil War Kansas

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Quindaro Brown belonged to the Big Turtle Clan of the Wyandot tribe and was herself a product of an intertribal marriage between her Shawnee mother and Wyandot father. S. government, because they said he possessed the brain of both the white man and the Bear. Guthrie was involved with the Wyandots’ treaty negotiations, in part because his wife’s land covered a large portion of the region bordering the Wyandot and Delaware reservations. ” 79 It appears that Guthrie was not the only partner in this marriage who possessed talents of arbitration.

The natural character of the negro is submissive, obsequious; that of the Indian, stubborn, contemptuous. The one is by nature menial, dependent; the other haughty, defiant, and independent. . ” 15 Admittedly, these impressions were informed by racial stereotypes—generalizations at best and falsehoods at worst. But many settlers’ perceptions, however racist, fell into one of two separate camps that perpetuated stereotypes about each group: Indians refused to change and would never be integrated into a free labor society, whereas blacks could and would learn to live in ways that supported republican ideas about the future of the expanding nation.

Indians also took advantage of the increased traffic in the region by taking in boarders and providing basic supplies to serve the needs of settlers and Indians alike. In fact, many white settlers’ first taste of life in Kansas was filtered through their overnight stays in Indian homes, and most settlers experienced positive interactions with their hosts and hostesses. Free-state and proslavery settlers alike frequented the Indian boarding houses that peppered the eastern border of Kansas Territory.

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