By Raffaele D'Amato
Данный выпуск посвящен малоисследованной теме - греческим воинам периода ранней бронзы - 1600-1100 г до н.э.
Приводятся рисунки и фотографии артефактов, на основании которых сделаны реконструкции внешнего вида воинов.
Одно из немногих изданий, посвященное данной теме.
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Extra resources for Bronze Age Greek Warrior, 1600-1100 BC
Mycenae Museum. (Author's collection) JL V graves of Grave Circle B at Mycenae, dating from 1700 bc. Two golden plates from Shaft Grave V in Mycenae have been interpreted both as ornaments laid on the dead person's clothes and as decorations for breast armour made of perishable material. Even if these golden plates are not absolute proof of a metal corselet, they are a strong indication of its use at the beginning of the Achaean period. We can also assume that perhaps bronze objects identical to these gold ones were used as a warrior's breastplate in daily life, and that the gold pieces were an imitation of these.
In these tablets an important town, the seat of a coastal command, is mentioned (Ro-o-wa), which provides eight of the 30 men for the expedition (PY An43). As the lawagetas and other important people are named here, the town was probably the port of Pylos itself. If 'Pleuron' refers to the Aetolian city allied with Pylos which would be natural enough if the danger came from the northwest - the episode can be connected with preparations against an invasion from the sea, whose first victims could have been the Achaean inhabitants of the enclave on the northern shores of the Corinthian Gulf.
Based on the above-mentioned Hittite documents and recent archaeological excavations, this settlement was attacked and sacked around 1315 bc by Mursili II, and by Hattusili II around 1250 bc. In these periods the Achaean settlements on the Anatolian coast, and the relevant diplomatic relationships with the Hittite empire, seem to be led by the Achaean city of Thebes, indicating that it was the most powerful of the Achaean cities. Clear evidence can be found in a letter from the King of Ahhiyawa to the Hittite King Hattusili II.