Browse Category by Solid State Physics
Solid State Physics

Download Novel Superfluids: Volume 1 by Karl-Heinz Bennemann, John B. Ketterson PDF

By Karl-Heinz Bennemann, John B. Ketterson

This e-book reviews at the newest advancements within the box of Superfluidity. The phenomenon has had an incredible effect at the basic sciences in addition to a number of applied sciences. it all started with the invention of superconductivity in mercury in 1911, which used to be finally defined theoretically through the speculation of Bardeen Cooper and Schriever (BCS) in 1957. The analogous phenomena, superfluidity, used to be found in helium in 1938 and tentatively defined presently thereafter as bobbing up from a Bose-Einstein Condensation (BEC) through London. however the value of superfluidity, and the variety of platforms during which it happens, has grown tremendously. as well as metals and the helium beverages the phenomena has now been saw for photons in cavities, excitons in semiconductors, magnons in convinced fabrics, and chilly gasses trapped in excessive vacuum. It probably exist for neutrons in a neutron megastar and, very likely, in a conjectured quark country at their heart. Even the Universe itself should be considered as being in a type of superfluid kingdom. a lot of these issues are mentioned by way of specialists within the respective subfields.

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Solid State Physics

Download Magnetism and Superconductivity in Iron-based by Franziska Hammerath PDF

By Franziska Hammerath

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) has been a basic participant within the stories of superconducting fabrics for lots of a long time. This neighborhood probe process makes it possible for the learn of the static digital houses in addition to of the low strength excitations of the electrons within the general and the superconducting country. On that account it has additionally been extensively utilized to Fe-based superconductors from the very starting in their discovery in February 2008. This dissertation contains a few of these first actual NMR effects, reflecting the radical nature of superconductivity and its powerful hyperlink to magnetism within the investigated compounds LaO1–xFxFeAs and LiFeAs.

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Solid State Physics

Download After the Breakthrough: The Emergence of High-Temperature by Helga Nowotny PDF

By Helga Nowotny

The invention of high-temperature superconductivity was once hailed as a tremendous clinical step forward, inducing an extraordinary wave of pleasure and expectation one of the medical group and within the overseas press. This publication units this learn step forward in context, and reconstructs the historical past of the invention. The authors research the emergence of this new learn box and how its improvement used to be formed by means of scientists and technology coverage makers. additionally they research some of the institutional and nationwide settings within which the learn used to be undertaken in addition to contemplating the medical backgrounds and motivations of researchers who entered the sphere following the unique discovery.

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Solid State Physics

Download A Unified Grand Tour of Theoretical Physics, 2nd edition by Ian D. Lawrie PDF

By Ian D. Lawrie

A unified account of the foundations of theoretical physics, A Unified Grand journey of Theoretical Physics, moment variation stresses the inter-relationships among components which are frequently taken care of as self reliant. The profound unifying effect of geometrical principles, the robust formal similarities among statistical mechanics and quantum box idea, and the ever-present function of symmetries in picking the fundamental constitution of actual theories are emphasised throughout.

This moment variation conducts a grand journey of the basic theories that form our sleek figuring out of the actual global. The ebook covers the valuable topics of space-time geometry and the final relativistic account of gravity, quantum mechanics and quantum box idea, gauge theories and the elemental forces of nature, statistical mechanics, and the speculation of section transitions. the fundamental constitution of every idea is defined in specific mathematical element with emphasis on conceptual knowing instead of at the technical info of specialised functions. The booklet provides trouble-free debts of the normal versions of particle physics and cosmology.

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Solid State Physics

Download The one-dimensional Hubbard model by Fabian H. L. Essler, Holger Frahm, Frank Göhmann, Andreas PDF

By Fabian H. L. Essler, Holger Frahm, Frank Göhmann, Andreas Klümper, Vladimir E. Korepin

This publication provides a self-contained account of the precise resolution of the Hubbard version in a single size. the outline of solids at a microscopic point is advanced, concerning the interplay of an incredible variety of its ingredients. it truly is most unlikely to resolve the corresponding many-body difficulties, even supposing perception could be received from research of simplified versions. an enormous instance is the Hubbard version, which describes interacting electrons in slim strength bands and which has been utilized to a various variety of difficulties.

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Solid State Physics

Download Mesoscopic Theories of Heat Transport in Nanosystems by Antonio Sellitto, Vito Antonio Cimmelli, David Jou PDF

By Antonio Sellitto, Vito Antonio Cimmelli, David Jou

This booklet provides generalized heat-conduction legislation which, from a mesoscopic standpoint, are appropriate to new functions (especially in nanoscale warmth move, nanoscale thermoelectric phenomena, and in diffusive-to-ballistic regime) and even as stay alongside of the speed of present microscopic learn. The equations offered within the booklet fit with generalized formulations of nonequilibrium thermodynamics, going past the local-equilibrium. The booklet contains six major chapters, including a preface and a last part dedicated to the long run views, in addition to an in depth bibliography.

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Solid State Physics

Download Physics of Radiation Effects in Crystals by R. A. Johnson PDF

By R. A. Johnson

"Physics of Radiation results in Crystals" is gifted in elements. the 1st half covers the final heritage and idea of radiation results in crystals, together with the idea describing the new release of crystal lattice defects by means of radiation, the kinetic method of the examine of the disposition of those defects and the consequences of the diffusion of those defects on alloy compositions and levels. particular difficulties of present curiosity are taken care of within the moment half and contain anisotropic dimensional adjustments in x-uranium, zirconium and graphite, acceleration of thermal creep in reactor fabrics, and radiation harm of semiconductors and superconductors.

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Solid State Physics

Download Exactly Solved Models: A Journey In Statistical Mechanics: by Fa Yueh Wu PDF

By Fa Yueh Wu

This specific quantity presents a finished evaluate of precisely solved versions in statistical mechanics by means of taking a look at the medical achievements of F Y Wu during this and comparable fields, which span 4 a long time of his profession. The e-book is equipped into themes starting from lattice types in condensed subject physics to graph thought in arithmetic, and contains the writer s pioneering contributions. via insightful commentaries, the writer provides an summary of every of the themes and an insider s examine how an important advancements emerged. With the inclusion of significant pedagogical evaluation articles by way of the writer, precisely Solved versions is an fundamental studying software for graduate scholars, and a necessary reference and resource publication for researchers in physics and arithmetic in addition to historians of technological know-how. Contents: Dimer records; The Vertex version; Duality and Gauge ameliorations; The Ising version; The Potts version; serious Frontiers; Percolation; Graph conception; Knot Invariants; different themes.

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Solid State Physics

Download Econophysics and Physical Economics by Peter Richmond, Jurgen Mimkes, Visit Amazon's Stefan Hutzler PDF

By Peter Richmond, Jurgen Mimkes, Visit Amazon's Stefan Hutzler Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Stefan Hutzler,

An knowing of the behaviour of monetary resources and the evolution of economies hasn't ever been as vital as this present day. This booklet seems to be at those advanced structures from the point of view of the physicist. So known as 'econophysics' and its program to finance has made nice strides in recent times. much less emphasis has been put on the wider topic of macroeconomics and lots of economics scholars are nonetheless taught conventional neo-classical economics.

The reader is given a basic primer in statistical physics, chance idea, and use of correlation services. a lot of the maths that's constructed is usually now not integrated in undergraduate physics classes. The statistical physics of Boltzmann and Gibbs is without doubt one of the oldest disciplines inside of physics and it may be argued that it was once first utilized to ensembles of molecules instead of being utilized to social brokers in simple terms in terms of ancient coincidence. The authors argue via analogy that the speculation may be utilized on to fiscal platforms comprising assemblies of interacting brokers. the required instruments and arithmetic are built in a transparent and concise demeanour. The physique of labor, now termed econophysics, is then built. The authors convey the place conventional equipment holiday down and convey how the chance distributions and correlation features may be competently understood utilizing excessive frequency information. contemporary paintings through the physics group on threat and marketplace crashes are mentioned including new paintings on having a bet markets in addition to stories of speculative peaks that take place in housing markets.

The moment 1/2 the booklet keeps the empirical strategy displaying how through analogy with thermodynamics, a self-consistent assault should be made on macroeconomics. This leads obviously to monetary creation capabilities being equated to entropy capabilities - a brand new proposal for economists. matters in terms of non-equilibrium clearly come up through the improvement and alertness of this method of economics. those are mentioned within the context of superstatistics and adiabatic techniques. for that reason it does appear eventually attainable to reconcile the technique with non-equilibrium platforms, and the tips are utilized to check source of revenue and wealth distributions, which with their energy legislation distribution capabilities have questioned many researchers ever considering Pareto came upon them over a hundred years in the past. This e-book takes a pedagogical method of those subject matters and is geared toward ultimate yr undergraduate and starting gradaute or post-graduate scholars in physics, economics, and company. besides the fact that, the skilled researcher and quant also needs to locate a lot of curiosity.

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