By Martin Hall, Patrick Thaddeus Jackson
As a manner of improvising at the learn of civilizations in international politics, the quantity specializes in these social and political practices in which notions of civilizational identification are reproduced in various contexts starting from the worldwide credits regime to theological debates approximately modernity to the 'war on terrorism'. The individuals to the quantity discover the ways that practices of civilizational identification supply upward thrust to the impression of a high-quality item referred to as a 'civilization,' even supposing this item is itself not anything greater than an ensemble of social practices.
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Extra info for Civilizational Identity: The Production and Reproduction of "Civilizations" in International Relations
Like the debate concerning the relationship between civilization and modernity, this broader debate as to whether there is a single model of civilization that comfortably resonates across cultures remains deeply contested but it raises issues that relates to the ways in which discourses of civilization/s are innately linked to the ways in which we differentiate and evaluate societies in terms of their perceived levels of progress and structures of governance. A key political issue implicit in this debate is, to what extent can political, economic, and social institutions and norms genuinely transfer across cultures and civilizations, and what is the impact of seeking to transfer norms and institutions?
Transactional Accounts Recognizing the ideal-typical, “account” character of our analyses of the social world makes a considerable stride away from essentialism, inasmuch as we can immediately dispense with any claims to have correctly apprehended the essence of any given social arrangement. But moving to idealtypical accounts does not resolve the problem entirely, inasmuch as there is a possibility for essentialist notions to reenter the analysis through the back door, as it were. It is entirely possible to argue that one’s account is indeed ideal-typical, but then deploy ideal-types featuring putatively stable actors and/or environments.
These are obviously valuable and important tasks. However, there is a danger that the study of civilization may become preoccupied with definitional debates or absorbed by constructing macrohistorical patterns. These may help to inform but provide only limited understanding of the role that discourses of civilizational identity play in world politics today. By discourses I do not mean simply an account or story of civilization or civilizations in the plural. ” Discourse therefore not only describes but also “informs rather than guides social interaction by influencing the cognitive script, categories and rationalities that are indispensable for social action” (Dunn, 2004: 126).