By Lynn A. Watson, Dorthe Berntsen
Autobiographical reminiscence performs a key function in mental health, and the sector has been investigated from a number of views for over thirty years. One huge physique of analysis has tested the elemental mechanisms and features of autobiographical reminiscence in the course of normal cognition, and one other physique has studied what occurs to it in the course of mental problems, and the way mental treatments concentrating on reminiscence disturbances can increase mental healthiness. This edited assortment reports and integrates present theories on autobiographical reminiscence whilst considered in a scientific standpoint. It provides an outline of easy utilized and scientific methods to autobiographical reminiscence, overlaying reminiscence specificity, hectic stories, involuntary and intrusive thoughts and the position of self-identity. The e-book discusses quite a lot of mental issues, together with melancholy, PTSD, borderline character ailment and autism, and the way they impact autobiographical reminiscence. will probably be of curiosity to scholars of psychology, clinicians and therapists alike.
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Additional info for Clinical Perspectives on Autobiographical Memory
Saliva samples were collected to index estrogen, progesterone, noradrenaline, and cortisol. When assessed several days later, we found that estrogen levels predicted increased intrusions in women. This ﬁnding is consistent with evidence that levels of ovarian hormones inﬂuence memory for emotionally arousing events, and provides some evidence of the inﬂuence of sex hormones on intrusive memories. There is a need to further consider how sex hormones contribute to intrusive memories because women have much greater risk of developing PTSD than men, and it is very possible that the hormonal bases for how women consolidate memories may be critical in explaining this vulnerability to PTSD.
1998). Autobiographical memory in acute stress disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66(3), 500–506. Hauer, B. , & Dalgleish, T. (2007). Effects of repeated retrieval of central and peripheral details in complex emotional slides. Memory, 15(4), 435–449. Hellawell, S. , & Brewin, C. R. (2002). A comparison of ﬂashbacks and ordinary autobiographical memories of trauma: cognitive resources and behavioural observations. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 40(10), 1143–1156. Holmes, E.
Mode of processing There is increasing evidence that the mode of processing of encoded traumatic information can inﬂuence how the experience is subsequently retrieved. , 1996b). One system, termed the verbally accessible memory (VAM) system, involves mental representations that are consciously processed in working memory prior to being stored in long-term memory. VAM memories purportedly require conscious encoding, and they can be retrieved intentionally. They contain information that the individual has attended to before, during, or after the traumatic event.