By Janet A. Butler, Christopher M. Colles, Sue J. Dyson, Svend E. Kold, Paul W. Poulos(auth.)
Chapter 1 normal ideas (pages 1–26):
Chapter 2 Foot, Pastern and Fetlock (pages 27–130):
Chapter three The Metacarpus and Metatarsus (pages 131–170):
Chapter four The Carpus (pages 171–204):
Chapter five The Shoulder, Humerus and Elbow (pages 205–245):
Chapter 6 The Tarsus (pages 247–248):
Chapter 7 The Stifle and Tibia (pages 285–326):
Chapter eight the top (pages 327–402):
Chapter nine The backbone (pages 403–456):
Chapter 10 The Pelvis and Femur (pages 457–481):
Chapter eleven The Thorax (pages 483–528):
Chapter 12 The Alimentary and Urinary structures (pages 529–562):
Chapter thirteen Miscellaneous ideas (pages 563–584):
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Extra info for Clinical Radiology of the Horse, Second Edition
Most commonly this is evident as a distal rotation of the toe of the bone, resulting in the dorsal wall of the hoof ceasing to be parallel to the dorsal wall of the distal phalanx. As the condition progresses, a faint radiolucent line may appear between the distal phalanx and the sole or hoof wall. This initially represents serum collected between the dermal and epidermal laminae, and is visible because of the slight difference between fluid and horn densities. This can only be seen on very high-quality radiographs.
Lameness associated with a fragment less than approximately 5 mm in diameter, or not involving the joint surface, frequently resolves with conservative treatment,although the fragment may persist radiographically. Lesions approximately 5–10 mm in diameter, which are shown clinically to be causing lameness, may require surgical removal. A fracture of the extensor process more than 10 mm from its proximal border carries a poor prognosis. A large discrete osseous fragment proximal to the extensor process, often occurring bilaterally, may be seen as an incidental finding.
A number of cases will never show bony union radiographically, even though clinically sound. Non-articular osseous fragments at one or both palmar processes may occur in foals from a few weeks to 1 year of age. These are often associated with a club foot appearance and lameness, but are occasionally seen without associated clinical signs. 22(a) Sagittal fracture of the distal phalanx (dorsoproximal-palmarodistal oblique view). Note the separate lucent lines which represent the fracture through the dorsal and solar cortices.